Ashtiname of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ

After the Arab conquest of Egypt in AD 640, it was said that Prophet Muhammad ﷺ granted the monks of Saint Catherine’s Monastery a covenant whereby their lives and property became secure under Muslim rule

South Sinai, Egypt

Coordinates: 28.555993, 33.976031

The Ashtiname of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, also known as the Covenant or Testament of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, is a document which is a charter or writ written by Hz. Ali and ratified by Hz. Prophet Muhammad ﷺ granting protection and other privileges to the followers of Hz. Isa عليه اسلام, given to the Christian monks of Saint Catherine’s Monastery.

It is sealed with an imprint representing Hz. Prophet Muhammad’s ﷺ hand.

Name of Meaning

Ashtinameh is a Persian word meaning “Book of Peace”, a Persian term for a treaty and covenant.


The copy now in the monastery is a copy of the certified copy given to them by the Sultan after he took the original in 1517 (supposedly for safe keeping at his palace in Constantinople, modern-day Istanbul).

This charter of privileges has been honored and faithfully applied by Muslims throughout the centuries in all lands they ruled.