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Narrated by al-Tabari in his History of the Prophets and Kings (10th century CE), Hz. Prophet Muhammad ﷺ decided after the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah (628) to send letters to many rulers of the world, inviting them to Islam.
Hz. Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, according to traditional Islamic historiography, sent ambassadors with such letters to Heraclius the Roman Emperor, Chosroes II the Khosrau of Persia, Armah the Negus of Abyssinia, Muqawqis the ruler of Egypt, Harith Gassani the governor of Syria, Munzir ibn Sawa and to the ruler of current country Bahrain.
Letter to the Ruler of Oman
Hz. Prophet Muhammad’s ﷺ Letter to the Ruler of Oman is displayed at the National Museum of Oman that often stirs emotions in people and because of its great significance, a sample of this article is exhibited in other museums as well.
It is a letter written in Arabic using ink and used leather as a canvas and is believed by the museum to have been penned in 8 AH/630 CE.
The document is a letter from the Hz. Prophet Muhammad ﷺ bearing his stamp to Abd and Jaifar, joint Kings of Oman at that time.
The letter was sent through Hz. Amr Ibn al-‘As رضي الله عنه to Jaifar and Jaffer ibn al Julanda.
“The capital city then was Suhar. So this letter was sent asking the people of Oman to convert to Islam.”
Contents of the Letter
He mentioned in the letter, ‘Bismillahi Rehman Rahim, from Muhammed, the Prophet of Allah, I am asking you to convert to Islam and if you do your whole life in peace, but if you do not you will live in wars.’
So in response to the letter, Oman was the first country to convert to Islam without any war.
It is said that Hz. Prophet Muhammad ﷺ made a prayer for the Omani people that they will never have enemies from outside.”
The letter is an important display at the National Museum at an area dedicated to the Islamic history of Oman.
The letter reads as follows:
“In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful. From Muhammed, the messenger of Allah, to Jaifar and Abd, sons of Al Julanda. Peace is upon him who follows the guidance. I am calling both of you, in the name of Islam. You will be safe if you submit to Islam.
I am the Messenger of Allah to all people warn all living that Islam will prevail. I hope you will accept Islam, but if you do not, then you will lose your country, and my horsemen will invade your territory and my prophecy will dominate your country”.