Coordinates: 15.575900, 43.903100
- Hababah Water Cistern 4.56 Km SW (219°)
- Dar Al-hajar (Stone house) 28.14 Km SE (121°)
- Hajjah 34.78 Km W (291°)
Thula is a town in west-central Yemen. It is located in the ‘Amran Governorate.
Thula is one of five towns in Yemen on the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List. Dating to the Himyarite period, the town is very well preserved and includes traditional houses and mosques. The archaeological investigation discovered the Sabaean period ruins with massive stone architecture beneath the Himyarite.
Preserved within the historic city are several mosques, mausoleums, an imamate palace, steam rooms, and souks, the latter containing over one hundred stalls, complete with caravanserais. In terms of domestic architecture, the historic city contains nearly six hundred houses, generally storied buildings of three to five floors, constructed tightly alongside neighboring houses. The construction patterns have created narrow alleyways separating one house from another. Many of the homes feature sandstone facades with a wide variety of carved, sculptural friezes.
Preservation and restoration by the local community
Threatened by the disruption that might ensue from the construction of a road, the Thula community, with the help of The Social Fund for Development, has undertaken a series of historic preservation projects to protect cultural assets, including rebuilding the walls of burial grounds and walls of agricultural terraces, restoring the Bab al Mayah gate, watchtowers, paths and waterways, and repairing the cistern that remains in use to this day.
Thula is well-known for artifacts from the Sabaean period and its prototypical massive stone architecture. During the preservation process, an archaeological site was discovered with gates and walls that should provide further insights into the Sabaeans and their civilization.
World Heritage Status
This site was added to the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List on July 8, 2002, in the Cultural category.
By Almuhammedi – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=28868483
By Almuhammedi – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=28868066
By Almuhammedi – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=28868482
By Almuhammedi – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=28868485
By Ibrahem Qasim – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=24558009
By Ljuba brank – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=47154069
By Ljuba brank – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=47154070